It can be a difficult task for the women diagnosed with PCOS(polycystic ovarian syndrome ) to lose weight but not impossible.According to the survey nowadays PCOS is considered as one of the major cause of infertility.The main cause of PCOS is still unknown but genetics and heredity are considered one of the major causes. In PCOS, ovaries produced an excess amount of male sex hormones termed as an androgen.
DOES WOMEN DIAGNOSED WITH PCOS HAVE A HIGHER RISK OF BEING OVERWEIGHT?
Yet it is not cleared that if there is a presence of any biological factor that could affect the women diagnosed with PCOS in weight reduction journey.But the research has suggested that PCOS affect the hormones that controlled the appetite and hunger centers so due to this factor, the women with diagnosed PCOS has a higher risk of gaining weight and more likely to face difficulty in losing weight in comparison with the women who is not having PCOS. women with PCOS can lose more weight when they take drugs metformin (Glucophage) which is typically used to treat diabetes. women with PCOS are sometimes pre-diabetic means that have higher blood glucose level but not that high to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.but these women are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes in later life.
WEIGHT GAIN IS THE MAJOR PROBLEM CAUSED BY POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME:
Insulin is a hormone that normally converts starches from food into energy but PCOS make it difficult for the body to use the hormone(insulin).AS we have mentioned above increased level of insulin results in the additional production of male sex hormones called androgen. High level of androgen leads to:
- Irregular periods.
- Increased body hair growth (Hirsutism) especially on the face, chest, abdomen and buttocks.
- Weight gain.
women mostly have pear shaped ovaries but the women diagnosed with PCOS has an apple shape.
The fat of abdomen is considered as one of the dangerous kind because it develops a high risk of heart disease and other health related issues.
HOW IS WEIGHT REDUCTION IS BENEFICIAL TO TREAT PCOS?
Although weight reduction does not properly treat PCOS but it will help a lot during the treatment journey.weight reduction helps in restoring the normal function of the ovaries which results in the production of hormones normally.it will be helpful to treat the symptoms of PCOS such as excessive hair growth especially facial hairs and acne.
According to the researchers if the women diagnosed with PCOS should reduce 5 to 10 kg weight in order to
- Restore ovulation
- Regulate mensuration cycle.
- Improve the health of a child during pregnancy.
- Reduced risk factors for diabetes and heart attack.
- Improve fertility.
- Reduction of insulin resistance by about 50 percent.
POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME RISK FACTOR IN CORRESPONDENCE WITH WEIGHT GAIN:
Whatever will be the cause of weight gain other than PCOS it can surely affect your health. women with diagnosed PCOS are more prone to develop diseases associated with insulin resistance and weight gain which are as following
- Endometrial cancer
- Type 2 diabetes
- Sleep apnea.
- Raised level of blood pressure.
- Raised level of cholesterol.
It is also a fact that the women diagnosed with PCOS have seven times greater chances of having the heart attack than the women of the same age without the diagnosis of PCOS. According to the survey, it is also considered as the weight gain aggravate or trigger by PCOS symptoms such as acne, disturbed mensuration cycle.
TIPS FOR WEIGHT LOSS IF YOU HAVE PCOS:
Weight reduction journey is.however.difficult in women diagnosed with PCOS as compared with other women. It will be only possible to have a positive result if you take proper medication along with healthy diet and exercise.Along with medicine addition of healthy habits will help in weight reduction.some of these healthy steps are as follow:
- Exercise along with healthy lifestyle will be effective for weight reduction. 30-40 min daily exercise is recommended.however if exercise on daily basis is not possible to do it on alternative days.
- Do not quit eating first focus to control your portion of food then follow any diet plan because your body need some time to accept the change.
- Rather than taking three large meals you should take four to six small meals in a day.Always remember the fact that in weight reduction journey exercise role is 30 percent 70 percent of the journey depends upon your diet.Taking four to six small meals will help to control blood sugar level.
- Take a meal which is rich in proteins, high fiber and has low sugar content.
- Avoid the processed food especially bakery items.
- Maintain your blood pressure and cholesterol level.
- If you are a smoker then quit smoking, because smoking is very harmful to the body.
MEDICAL MANAGEMENT FOR PCOS:
Medicines that are usually used for the treatment and management of PCOS that will be very helpful in the weight reduction journey are:
It is basically used to treat the patient with diabetes but it is also helpful to treat PCOS because of this medicine weight reduction journey become easy. Metformin is a drug of diabetes that basically help the body to use the insulin properly. It is also helpful in the reduction of testosterone production.according to the survey it is helpful for the obese women diagnosed with PCOS in weight reduction.
BIRTH CONTROLLING PILLS TO REGULATE MENSURATION CYCLE:
Doctor prescribe the birth control pills that contain estrogen and progestin.these pills decreases the production of androgen and maintain your normal bleeding pattern during mensuration and also reduces the risk of endometrial cancer.As an alternative vaginal ring can be used that contain estrogen and progesterone.all these pills will relieve the symptoms but you will not be able to conceive during this duration.
Women diagnosed with PCOS will face difficulty while conceiving your doctor may recommend Clomiphene an anti-estrogen medicine that is given orally in the first days of your mensuration cycle.If clomiphene alone is not effective your doctor may add metformin which will help in ovulation.whenever you are taking this type of medication you should consult with a gynecologist along with radiologist for regular ultrasound in order to avoid any problem.