The Polycystic ovarian syndrome is an endocrine system disorder commonly occurs in females with reproductive age.
CLINICAL SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PCOS:
women suffering from PCOS usually have prolonged or infrequent mensuration cycle.
Enlarged ovaries contain the small collection of fluid called follicles and it can be seen and evaluated by ultrasound.
- Excessive hair growth (Hirsutism) commonly on face, back, chest and buttocks
- Oily skin.
- Hair loss from the head
- Disturbed mensuration cycle.
- Patient with PCOS has disturbed mensuration cycle.
- A patient usually has the history of disturbed periods dating back to menarche.
Some women have:
- oligomenorrhea, for example, menstrual bleeding that occurs at from 35 days to 6 months, with more than 9 menstrual cycles per year) or
- secondary amenorrhea(Lack of periods for 6 months).
- Dysfunctional uterine bleeding.
PCOS Is the common cause of female infertility.Most women diagnosed with PCOS when they are trying to get conceived. During periods the egg is released by ovaries into the uterus and the whole process is called ovulation and this process occurs once in a month. But in women with PCOS fail to ovulate which mean they have irregular periods and find it difficult to conceive.
Causes of PCOS:
Usually, doctors did not know what causes the PCOS but these factors can help them.
If your mother and sister is suffering from PCOS then you have stronger chances of having PCOS.
LOW- GRADE INFLAMMATION:
white blood cell produces a substance to fight against infection in a response called inflammation. research have shown that women suffering from PCOS have low-grade inflammation and this type of low-grade inflammation stimulate or aggravate the polycystic ovaries to produce androgens.
Insulin is the hormone that is produced by the pancreas that allows the cell to use glucose.women with PCOS have insulin resistance Excess insulin affect the ovaries by increasing androgen production it interferes with ovaries ability to ovulate.
PCOS may make the following condition especially if the patient is obese.
Lipid and cholesterol abnormality.
- Elevated HDL (low high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol, the good cholesterol.
- Sleep apnea.
- Anxiety and depression.
- Abnormal uterine bleeding
- High blood pressure.
- Type 2 diabetes.
- Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
- Metabolic syndrome (a bunch of signs and symptoms that indicate significantly increase the risk of cardiovascular disease).
- Abnormal uterine bleeding.
- Endometrial cancer (due to exposure to high level of estrogens)
- Gestational diabetes.
- Pregnancy-induced high blood pressure.